According to the discipline of the Appraisal, the market values of urban property depend on characteristics of location, due to the area in question, and the peculiarities of the individual property. The characteristics of location include the location of the building relative to the center of town, the level of infrastructure, the presence of community facilities and shops, etc.
This is an empirical study of economic measurement of the optimal size of
seven cities in West Sumatra region, Indonesia. The empirical findings are quite interesting
since the calculated optimal city size does not result in a single measure as mostly
previous studies found, but they vary in accordance with the economic approaches used.
In response to changing urban food systems, short supply chains have been advocated to meet urban food needs while building more sustainable urban food systems.
One of the most challenging projects that the new Metropolitan city of Naples is going to face, concerns the regeneration of the ex-industrial areas located in the eastern zone of the city, characterized by the presence of the port.
In broader terms, the paper refers to the topic of brownfield regeneration, as one of the most complex mechanisms for sustainable spatial development.
The surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect can be defined as the relative warmth of urban surfaces compared with its surroundings due to the difference in their respective cooling rates. Classic studies have demonstrated that urban warming is a regional and occasional phenomenon whose occurrence depends on weather conditions and characteristics of the urban fabric.
As global urban populations grow, green spaces in cities are under increasing pressure to provide urban habitat and perform important ecosystem services.