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Ethnic Violence in Morogoro Region in Tanzania

Policy Papers & Briefs
Fevereiro, 2015
Tanzania

In early 2015, Maasai and Datoga citizens living in the Morogoro region of Tanzania were victims of deadly, ethnic violence. According to reports from local media, the assaults were instigated by public figures interested in acquiring land, and state authorities have not intervened to protect Maasai citizens. Police protection has instead been given to others who are illegally cultivating officially registered Maasai land. 

Home sweet home: housing practices and tools that support durable solutions for urban IDPs

Reports & Research
Fevereiro, 2015
Global

Despite a longstanding recognition of the need to improve the response of actors addressing urban displacement, there is a lack of guidance on how to do this and a limited knowledge of practices that have successfully addressed the housing, tenure security and livelihood needs of urban IDPs.


Handbook on United Nations Basic Principles and Guidelines on Development-based Evictions and Displacement

Manuals & Guidelines
Fevereiro, 2015
Global

This Handbook provides a summary and the actual text of the United Nations (UN) Basic Principles and Guidelines on Development-based Evictions and Displacement, acknowledged by the UN Human Rights Council in December 2007. A first short section focuses on India before looking at the international context.

Is Myanmar’s Peace Process Unraveling?

Reports & Research
Fevereiro, 2015
Myanmar

Over the last three weeks, fighting has broken out in Myanmar’s northeast between the military and several ethnic minority militias, including the ethnic Kokang Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army and, allegedly, the Kachin Independence Army (KIA). The KIA is one of the most powerful insurgent groups in Myanmar. At least 30,000 civilians have fled across the border into China, and the fighting has killed at least 130 people. The Myanmar military has attacked rebel groups with air strikes, and the fighting shows no sign of letting up.

Consequences of evicting widows

Reports & Research
Janeiro, 2015
Africa
Central African Republic

The crisis that engulfed the Central African Republic (CAR) in the end of 2012 resulted in the perpetration of gross human rights violations, including the widespread looting and destruction of homes. As people fled the violence they left behind land which others occupied illegally. More than a year after the height of the crisis, approximately 440,000 Central Africans continue to be internally displaced. Almost half a million are refugees in neighbouring countries.


The Unfulfilled Promise of Oil and Growth : Poverty, Inclusion and Welfare in Iraq 2007-2012

Janeiro, 2015

Iraq appears to have firmly entered the
ranks of upper middle-income countries in 2012, having
experienced strong economic growth following the
establishment of a civilian elected government in 2005-06.
In 2012 the years of growth culminated in a per capita GDP
of 2472 constant 2005 US$. This three-volume poverty and
inclusion assessment provides the first in-depth analysis of
Iraq's economic and social development during the

Saywaña, amojonamientos y deslindes en Villablanca y Chulluncane: geografía de un conflicto de tierras aimara

Journal Articles & Books
Janeiro, 2015
Chile
Peru

Los conflictos de tierras en comunidades aimara, a pesar de ser numerosos, han sido poco estudiados. Este artículo se adentra en el examen de las contradicciones por dominios de tierras entre las comunidades de Chulluncane y Villablanca del altiplano de Tarapacá. Analiza la dimensión simbólica y material de las disputas territoriales, el carácter histórico de las desavenencias y los aportes de geógrafos y otros cientistas para comprenderlos.

Policy Brief: The Implementation of Rwanda’s Expropriation Law and Outcomes on the Population

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Janeiro, 2015
Rwanda

This Policy Brief summarizes the main findings and recommendations of qualitative and quantative research on implementation and outcomes of the 2007 Expropriation Law in Rwanda. Rwanda is developing at a remarkably rapid pace, and with that development has come a multitude of corresponding changes to the orientation and use of land throughout the country.

Analysis of Displacement in Somalia

Dezembro, 2014

Development and humanitarian actors
currently engaged in Somalia face the challenge of
delivering assistance in such a way that it is supportive of
peace and state building, addresses the acute vulnerability,
and dependence of large shares of the population while
operating in a still insecure and changing environment.
Forced displacement is a key feature of the current
political economy context of Somalia. The necessity of

Displacement by the Displacees

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro, 2014
Tanzania

This paper analyses the resettlement process and procedures followed during the displacement of communities from Kipawa and Kigilagila settlements to pave way for the expansion of the Dar es Salaam International Airport in Dar es Salaam city. The paper is based on findings of a PhD research project carried out between 2010 and 2013 that explored procedures and process which caused displacement of the receiving community while resettling the displaced residents from Kipawa and Kigilagila.

Displacement by the Displacees

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro, 2014
Tanzania

This paper analyses the resettlement process and procedures followed during the displacement of communities from Kipawa and Kigilagila settlements to pave way for the expansion of the Dar es Salaam International Airport in Dar es Salaam city. The paper is based on findings of a PhD research project carried out between 2010 and 2013 that explored procedures and process which caused displacement of the receiving community while resettling the displaced residents from Kipawa and Kigilagila.

Compensation for Land Expropriation in Rwanda: The Need for Conventional Approaches to Valuation

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro, 2014
Ruanda

In various countries around the world, land expropriation is considered as a major tool used by governments to assemble tracts of land for various activities aiming at public interest. However, determination of compensation which is regarded as a pre-requisite for land expropriation has been a source of controversy in this process. This paper attempts to find out how land valuation for compensation during expropriation is carried out in Rwanda, considering two expropriation projects in Kigali city.