Momentum is building to include agriculture in carbon nancing initiatives, and the stakes are large – for climate change mitigation, for food security and poverty alleviation. For many smallholder farmers, insecure land and resource rights are a barrier to participation in mitigation programmes, but there are ways forward
L’importance des forêts pour atténuer le changement climatique et favoriser la conservation des espèces, comme moyen de stockage de l’eau, de production d’oxygène, de protection du sol et comme source d’humus, est bien connue. Toutefois, plus de 13 millions d’hectares de forêt disparaissent chaque année, surtout dans les zones tropicales.
Chaque année, 13 millions d’hectares de forêts sont perdus
dans le monde, ce qui représente la superficie globale de
l’Autriche et de la Suisse réunies. Cette déforestation touche
à raison de 90 pour cent des forêts tropicales. La perte de
forêts a des effets dévastateurs sur le climat et est la source
de 15 % à 20 pour cent des émissions mondiales de gaz à
Since the publication of the Report of the Brundtland Commission (Our Common Future) in 1987, and the consequent Earth Summit on sustainable development, global attention on natural resource scarcity and degradation has been increasing, because of climate change and rising food and energy prices.
Certification is viewed as one of the most effective ways of curbing unregulated logging and conserving natural forests in the tropics. In the meantime, there are several dozen certifying organisations. Among these, the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) lead the field worldwide.
This paper explores, conceptually and empirically, the question of how much food is produced by women. Data for labour inputs and agricultural output are used to assess women’s contribution to food and agricultural production. The study also assesses gender differences in productivity. The paper finds that a precise measure of women’s contribution to food production is impossible to establish.
Every year, 13 million hectares of forest are lost worldwide; that is an area the size of Austria and Switzerland combined. 90 percent of this deforestation involves tropical forests. Forest loss has devastating effects on the climate and is the source of between 15 and 20 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.
At the High-Level Meeting on Food Security for All hosted in early January 2009 by the Spanish government in Madrid, stakeholders from more than 126 countries deliberated how to assure food security for all in developed and developing countries alike. The high level meeting carried forward the process launched by the June 2008 Rome food summit.
On November 18th 2010, the European Union Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development, Dacian Ciolo?, o? cially submitted a communiqué proposing a reorientation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) to the EU Parliament, the EU Council and the public. What does the proposal imply for global agricultural markets and international food matters? Some re? ections.
Displacement continues to rise in the Americas, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. But the good news is that this year’s Global Overview shows a steady decline in IDP numbers in Africa, dating back from 2004. This positive trend gives us hope. Indeed, the African continent remains at the forefront of policy development in support of IDP rights.