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Legislation

This Act makes rules for the sale of public land that has been rendered habitable or arable through Government waterworks. The purpose of the sale is to populate these areas. A Commission shall be formed to carry out land measurements, to prepare the plans of land to be sold and to establish…

Legislation

This law regulates expropriation in the sense of article 18 of the Constitution of Afghanistan and defines purposes that shall constitute “public welfare”, i.e. purposes that justify expropriation. Purposes include construction of roads, channels, dams, water reserves for the fighting of fires…

Legislation

This Presidential Decree amends the Law on Land expropriation.Minor amendments have been made to article 3 and 12.Article 13 has been substituted with a new article dealing with the distribution of land plots to individuals whose lands or houses have been expropriated.Articles 16 and 17 have…

Legislation

This Law provides for the preservation of historical and cultural artefacts in Afghanistan. All movable and immovable historical and cultural artefacts and heritage items are the property of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.The Law provides for the establishment of an Archaeology Committee to…

Regulations

This Decree provides for the distribution and sale of state owned land for residential houses and for commercial or multi-storied buildings.According to the Decree, individuals who do not own any house or land may be eligible for land allocation from the state.The Decree regulates how and where…

Legislation

This Law regulates land survey, verification and registration.The Law stipulates that all land owners are obliged to fill in a declaration form in which they specify all the parcels of cultivation land in their possession. The declaration form shall be then sent to the Central Amlak Archives for…

Legislation

This Law provides for the following: better management of land affairs in the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan; solving problems resulting from land reforms implementation; management of property books; land registration; collection of statistics on properties to be used for economic and…

Journal Articles & Books

Until 1978, the Afghan state was weak but stable. In contrast, rural regulatory structures that complemented the state have always been strong. It was only the attempt to establish a strong state on the basis of foreign ideologies and military over the heads of the rural population that…

Journal Articles & Books

Afghanistan, Sierra Leone and Somalia: these three countries stand for different histories of a fragile state.The author of this article analyses different case studies to determine the various causes, such as the role of ethnic identities, claims to power by clans and other sub-state groups, or…

Legislation

This Law provides for the protection and use of pastures for cattle grazing and transhumance. It forbids the sale of lands destined to pastures for agricultural or commercial purposes and it prohibits the removal of pens or any other appliances built or existing in the pasture land. Offences and…

National Policies

This Agriculture and Rural Development Sector Strategy is a sectoral national strategy of Afghanistan. It applies to the period of 2008-2013. The central objective of the document is to ensure the social, economic and political well-being of rural communities, especially poor and vulnerable…

Legislation

This Law regulates land expropriation for public use purposes.The Council of Minister shall expropriate land totally or partly for public purposes such as: the construction of manufacturing institutions, highways, pipelines sewerage canalizations; and mining and extraction from underground…