This report presents findings on corruption in large scale land-based investments (LSLBIs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and although it draws on case studies from Sierra Leone and Zambia, its recommendations aim to be applicable across Sub-Saharan Africa.
Conventional, top-down and governance-focused anti-corruption efforts have had limited success in the fight against corruption in developing countries. Consequently, this report contributes to strategic anti-corruption research that develops incentive-driven and high-impact anti-corruption initiatives in specific, development-related economic sectors.
This report focuses on corruption risks in LSLBI investment chains that have a particularly significant potential impact on development outcomes of LSLBIs. It identifies existing incentives for firms to deal with these risks (encouraging non-corrupt practice as a means of maximising profits and avoiding punitive measures, such as prosecution) and formulates ways in which more incentives can be identified. It also makes recommendations on how incentive structures – such as internationally binding anti-corruption legislation designed to shape companies’ behaviour – can be strengthened.
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One global movement sharing one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption.
In 1993, a few individuals decided to take a stance against corruption and created Transparency International. Now present in more than 100 countries, the movement works relentlessly to stir the world’s collective conscience and bring about change. Much remains to be done to stop corruption, but much has also been achieved, including: