This Plan is designed to propel Uganda towards middle income status by 2020, in line with the aspiration of Uganda’s Vision 2040. This Plan aims at strengthening Uganda’s competitiveness for sustainable wealth creation, employment and inclusive growth.This Plan prioritizes investment in five areas with the greatest multiplier effect on the economy, which are: (i) agriculture, (ii) tourism, (iii) minerals, oil and gas, (iv) infrastructure development, (v) human capital development.The Plan sets key four objectives to be attained during the five year period. These are: (i) increasing sustainable production, productivity and value addition in key growth opportunities, (ii) increasing the stock and quality of strategic infrastructure to accelerate the country’s competitiveness, (iii) enhancing human capital development, and (iv) strengthening mechanisms for quality, effective and efficient service delivery.In order to achieve these objectives, Government will pursue a number of development strategies including: (i) ensuring macro-economic stability with fiscal expansion for frontloading infrastructure investments, (ii) industrialization and export oriented growth through value addition, agro processing, mineral beneficiation, selected heavy and light manufacturing, (iii) an employment creation strategy through fast tracking skills development and harnessing the demographic dividend, (iv) strong Public/Private Partnerships (PPPs) for sustainable development, (v) a private sector led growth and a quasi-market approach, and (vi) strengthening governance mechanisms and structures.In order to eliminate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition, the plan will focus on: increasing access to safe water and sanitation level in rural and urban areas. Under Health, emphasis will be on: mass management of malaria (mass malaria treatment for prevention), National Health Insurance scheme, universal access to family planning services, health infrastructure development, reducing maternal, neonatal and child morbidity and mortality, scaling up HIV prevention and treatment; and developing a centre of excellence in cancer treatment and related services.In agriculture, emphasis will be placed on investing in 12 enterprises (Cotton, Coffee, Tea, Maize, Rice, Cassava, Beans, Fish, Beef, Milk, Citrus and Bananas), along the value chains. Focus will be on: strengthening agricultural research, implementing the single spine extension system, technology adaptation at the farm level, increasing access to and effective use of critical farm inputs, promoting sustainable land use and soil management, increasing access to agricultural finance with specific options for women farmers, and strengthening agricultural institutions for effective coordination and service delivery.Government will also invest in water for production infrastructure to boost commercial agriculture and industrial activities. Emphasis will be on construction of large and small scale water schemes for irrigation, livestock and rural industries, while increase cumulative storage from 27.8 to 55 Million cubic metres.Regarding the reduction of the rural poverty, emphasis will be on: strengthening Labour Market Information System (LMIS) and employment services; implementing a national programme for women economic empowerment, promoting creative industries for job creation especially for young people, establishing and operationalize productivity centres at national and regional levels for improving the productivity of the Ugandan workers, developing and implementing a programme to inculcate positive values and mind-sets to produce “skilled and cultured people”, expanding access to contributory social security for workers in the informal sector and gradual roll-out of a non-contributory social pension scheme for older persons; and scaling up the youth livelihood programme.The education component will focus on: strengthening Early Childhood Development (ECD) with special emphasis on early aptitude and talent identification, increasing retention at primary and secondary levels, especially for girls, as well as increasing primary to secondary transition, increasing investment in school inspection, reviewing and upgrading the education curricula.In the context of governance, to address implementation bottlenecks, existing institutional implementation arrangements will be strengthened and the following reforms will be implemented: (i) a delivery unit will be established in Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) with a fully functional technical team to fast track implementation of the core projects, Presidential initiatives and key sector results, (ii) the Sector Working Groups (SWGs) will be institutionalized, and made binding with a lead agency and functional secretariat. The roles of the non-state actors such as the private sector, civil society and development partners will be clearly articulated during implementation of the Plan, (iii) all accounting officers at national and local government level will sign performance contracts in line with NDPII results and targets, (iv) a Private Sector/Civil Society Forum will be established to discuss progress in the implementation of the NDP II by Non-State Actors.