The Parties shall cooperate in the following areas related to environmental protection: land protection and land tenure, protection of soil, subsoil, forests, water, air, ozone layer and climate, wild flora and wild fauna. The Parties shall cooperate in the following fields: (a) development and adoption of normative legal acts, environmental norms and standards in the field of environmental protection and nature management; (b) keeping of the natural resource register and implementation of environmental monitoring; (c) improvement of the system of public control (supervision) over the state of environment; (d) application of measures for the reproduction of living resources, conservation and restoration biological diversity; (e) development of a network of protected areas, reserves, national parks and other protected natural complexes and minimization of economic and other activities in the areas adjacent to them; and (f) promotion of ecological education.
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After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than have any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place.