Migration as a Challenge for Myanmar’s Socio-economic Development: Case Studies of Hpa-­an and Mrauk-­U townships in Myanmar | Land Portal

Informações sobre recurso

Date of publication: 
Setembro 2015
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
OBL:100808

Abstract: "Migration
is

the
act
or
process
of
moving
from
one
place
to
another
with
the
intent
of
staying
at
the

destination
permanently
or
for

a

relatively
long
period
of
time
(1992,
Longman).
It
can
also
be

assumed
that
people

move
from
one
place
to
another,
usually
their
home

place,
to
work
or
to
settle

in
another
place.
As
basic
factors,
migration
take
place
an
area
where
the
migrants
believe
that
their

opportunity
and
life
circumstances
will
be
better
at
their
destinations
than
the
present
location.

Nevertheless,
if
an
area
where
takes
place
a
movement
of
in-­migration
because
of
positive

conditions
(pull
factors),
this
will
be
generally
increased
the
population
or
human
resources.

Similarly,
if
an
area
where
takes
place
a
movement
of
out-­migration
due
to
negative
conditions

(push
factors),
this
area
will
lose
their
population
or
human
resources.
Some
time
it
affects
the

negative
impacts
and
potential
challenges
for
sustainable
socio-­economic
development
of
this
area.

Therefore,
this
study
is
based
on
some
specific
areas
of
Myanmar:
Hpa-­an
Township,
Kayin
State
and

Mrauk-­U
Township,
Rakhine
State
where
migration
process
takes
place
by
focusing
the
question
of

how
and
why
the
people
are
migrating
in
these
areas.
This
paper
is
intended
to
explore
the

migration
patterns
of
these
are
as
and
to
point
out
the
main
reasons
of
push
and
pull
factors
for

these
migrations.
To
obtain
the
relevant
data,
it
is
analyzed
with
field
observation
and
in
semi-­structured
in-­depth
interview
survey
method
to
the
local
authorities,
experts
and
local
people.
Some

of
the
facts
from
the
interview
data
are
assessed
by
SWOT
Analysis
to
know
the
strengths,

weaknesses,
opportunities
and
threats
due
to
migration.
As
a
result
from
this
study,
economic

condition
is
the
key
factor
of
the
migration
for
the
study
areas
and
that
effect
on
the
socioeconomic

condition
of
these
areas.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.

Autores e editores

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Saw Yu May

Publisher(s): 

The highly anticipated International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies will be held in Chiang Mai over the period 24-25 July 2015. It will be co-hosted by the Centre for ASEAN Studies (CAS), Chiang Mai University, the Regional Centre for Social Science and Sustainable Development (RCSD): Myanmar Studies Centre, the University of Mandalay and the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS) in Leiden, The Netherlands.

Chiang Mai University (CMU) (Thai: มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่) is a public research university in northern Thailand founded in 1964. It has a strong emphasis on engineering, science, agriculture, and medicine. Its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate, professional and continuing education offered through resident instruction. Its main campus lies between Chiang Mai downtown and Doi Suthep in Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai Province.

Provedor de dados

Foco geográfico

Categorías relacionadas

Compartilhe esta página