Effects of Agricultural Reclamation on Soil Physicochemical Properties in the Mid-Eastern Coastal Area of China | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
Fevereiro 2021
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© 2021 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article.

Agricultural reclamation in coastal zones is effective for mitigating population pressure on the food supply. Soil properties are important factors influencing crop production in reclaimed coastal lands. This study aims to investigate the impacts of time and land use trajectories on soil physicochemical properties after reclamation. We sampled soils in areas that were reclaimed in 1999, 1998, 1991, 1989, 1986, 1981, and 1979 and determined some soil physicochemical properties such as electrical conductivity with a 1:5 soil:water ratio (EC1:5), exchange sodium percentage (ESP), sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), pH, organic matter (OM), total nitrogen (TN), alkaline hydrolyzable nitrogen (AN), cation exchange capacity (CEC), total phosphorus (TP), available phosphorus (TP) and soil particle size ratio. We analyzed their correlation with land use and the time since reclamation using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and principal component analysis (PCA). The results showed that soil physicochemical properties changed significantly after agricultural reclamation. Soil EC1:5, ESP, and SAR declined rapidly, and OM, TN, and AN increased rapidly during the 29 years after reclamation. The soil particle size ratio was not significantly correlated with reclamation time. The land-use trajectories identified after reclamation had obvious effects on soil physicochemical properties. Aquaculture ponds were superior to cultivated land in terms of decreasing soil salinity but were inferior in terms of soil nutrient accumulation. In the future, more attention should be given to the environmental effects of agricultural reclaimed soils.

Autores e editores

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Xu, Yan
Pu, Lijie
Zhang, Runsen
Zhu, Ming
Zhang, Meng
Bu, Xinguo
Xie, Xuefeng
Wang, Yuan


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