Post-conflict situations remain strained for years and can easily relapse into violence during the first two decades. During this social, political, and economic transition phase, post-conflict countries are especially fragile and vulnerable. Increasingly acknowledged as a key driver or root cause for conflict, land is as much a critical relapse factor as it is a bottleneck to recovery . In the aftermath of war, access to and control of land and natural resources often remains a sensitive issue for years which may precipitate tensions and challenge stability. At the same time, resolving land-related issues is significant to achieve sustainable and durable peace. Yet, it is just one item on a long list of issues that need to be addressed in post-conflict periods next to reconciliation and transitional justice processes, establishing security and a functioning state, economic recovery, and the rebuilding of social cohesion .
A gigante petrolífera anglo-holandesa Shell concordou em pagar cerca de 95 milhões euros às comunidades do sul da Nigéria, como compensação por derrames de petróleo que ocorreram nos anos 1970.
Pretória (Da correspondente) - O Presidente da África do Sul, Cyril Ramaphosa, vai liderar a entrega de terras e títulos de propriedade a agricultores, numa cerimónia que marcará o culminar de um processo de reforma agrária.