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Map of Botswana


Located in southern Africa, Botswana is a large, mineral rich, yet sparsely populated, semi-arid and land-locked country of 560,877 sq. km in size. Botswana gained independence from Britain in 1966. The population was estimated to be 2.3 million people in 2019. Botswana is widely regarded as an economic and social success story. However, levels of unemployment and social inequality remain high, as economic benefits and resource rich land are inequitably distributed.

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Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) supporters wave flags during an election campaign rally in Mokgweetsi Masisi's, President of Botswana and leader of the BDP, home village in Moshupa

Botswana abolishes law excluding married women from land ownership

5 January 2021

Women in Botswana celebrate changes to the country’s land ownership law that now gives them the right to own land independently of their spouses, unlike before when they were treated as part of their husband’s property. In September, President Mokgweetsi Masisi of Botswana honoured an earlier…

Okavango Delta (05/12/2007) . [File photo: Department of Wildlife and National Parks / Ian Johnson]

UNESCO vigilant on potential impacts of oil exploration in Namibia and Botswana on World Heritage properties

29 December 2020

UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre vigilant on potential impacts of oil and gas exploration in Namibia and Botswana on the Tsodila and Okavango Delta World Heritage properties. UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre has been made aware of petitions by civil society groups received by the UNESCO office in…

Botswana, considered one of Africa’s most politically stable countries, has seen a recent victory in the fight for women’s rights and gender equality. Here is some information about women’s rights in Botswana.


6 November 2020

A Recent Victory In September 2020, President Mokgweetsi Masisi amended the 2015 Land Policy to give married women in Botswana the right to own land. Previously, married women were only eligible to own land if their husbands did not. The policy excluded not only married women but widows and single…



Botswana has a reputation as a stable democracy with a strong, if heavily mineral dependent economy.