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Map of Sri-Lanka

Sri Lanka

The island of Sri Lanka is 65,610 km²,  and is densely populated with 21.8 million people . The location, lying 50 km south of India, gave the island a strategic importance as trade shipping routes opened up around the world. This afforded attention from a number of European powers. Sri Lanka was colonised by the Portuguese in the 16th century, replaced by Dutch powers in the 17th and 18th centuries, and then the British up to independence in 1948. There is a pluralistic legal system, where a residual Roman-Dutch Law operates next to a British-style parliament and a French-style presidency but with few safeguards against abuse of power.  Economically, Sri Lanka carries a lower-middle-income status under World Bank measures.  However, this clouds a high level of income inequality, where 40% of the population live on less than 225 Sri Lankan rupees (1.2 USD) per day, and 70% of labour lies in the informal sector, without access to social welfare.
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Our lands are under threat, say Tamils in Sri Lanka’s Eastern Province

17 April 2021

Systematic effort to change Tamil areas’ demographics, alleges Batticaloa MP Shanakiyan Rasamanickam. Over the last few months, farmers of Mavadi Odai in Sri Lanka’s eastern Batticaloa district frequently spotted something crop up on their land overnight — a border stone they had not planted. “The…

Sri Lankan military continues to ban Tamil villagers from entering their own land

25 March 2021

The Sri Lankan army and forestry department has continued its ban on Tamil villagers of North Nedungeeni Vedivaithakal in Vavuniya from entering the village.  Although residents in the area have proof of their lands, the army has set up camp in the village and continues to prevent people from…

Vavuniya farmers’ anguish: Sri Lankan Forest Department land grab forces out Tamil villagers

Vavuniya farmers’ anguish: Sri Lankan Forest Department land grab forces out Tamil villagers

29 December 2020

The people of the village of Aasikulam, Vavuniya stressed the hardships caused by the Sri Lankan Forest Department seizing their land earlier this month, with around 50 families stating they had been affected.   One of the villagers said, “We depend on the agriculture to maintain our livelihoods…

Sri Lanka


Sri Lanka is one of the countries most at risk of climate change, and there are fears that the extensive conversion of land, for example in wetlands, may increase vulnerability to landslides and flooding

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Turning the Tide on Sri Lankan Corruption

18 March 2021

by TISrilanka (TISL) for Transparency International Originally posted at:   By challenging favouritism in Sri Lanka’s land department, a resident is undermining public officials’ corruption that damages many people’s…