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Showing items 1 through 9 of 247.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 1994
    Afrique sub-saharienne

    Review for sub-Saharan Africa, examines the English-language literature and focuses on four important dimensions of exclusion: (i) exclusion from agricultural land; (ii) exclusion from agricultural livelihood; (iii) exclusion from formal and informal employment; (iv) exclusion from organization and representation.Paper is organized in six sections. The first section discusses concepts of exclusion. The main body of the review examines the four dimensions of exclusion listed above.

  2. Library Resource
    janvier, 1993
    Botswana, Afrique sub-saharienne

    A useful debate is developing over carrying capacity and the degradation of communal rangelands in sub-Saharan Africa. With a few lonely exceptions, scientists and policy-makers have in the past claimed that degradation is universal and livestock productivity lowered because of overstocking on communal range. This position has been mainly dogmatic. More recent research has not supported dogmatists; hence the debate, which impinges on livestock development policy in Botswana.A new livestock development policy is being promoted by the Government of Botswana (Ministry of Agriculture 1991).

  3. Library Resource
    janvier, 1994
    Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale

    The report focuses on: the statue of land degradation: types of degradation, their nature, severity and extent; the causes and consequences of land degradation; institutions to combat land degradation; proposals for strengthening efforts to combat land degradation. Countries covered are: Afghanistan; Bangladesh; India; Bhutan; Iran; Pakistan; Nepal; Sri Lanka.

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 1993
    Botswana, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Recent arguments have stated that the new livestock development policy will carry a high social cost, that the reality of range degradation in Botswana has been ignored, and that there is no basis for assuming that de-stocking would decrease the productivity of rangeland.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 1994
    Afrique sub-saharienne

    Full text of the Convention to Combat Desertification, which was elaborated by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INCD) and signed in June 1994.Also available from the CCD WWW site in French and English

  6. Library Resource
    janvier, 1993
    République arabe syrienne, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale

    This article looks at the changes which are taking place in the Syrian semi-nomadic bedouin flocks' feeding and migration patterns, and the historical reasons for these changes. Most of the discussion will focus on three steppe-based villages in northern Syria, where the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) undertook a three-year survey between 1978 and 1981, and where a follow-up study was done this year.

  7. Library Resource
    janvier, 1994

    Focuses on two themes in the study of ethnopedology: (1) the hows and whys of indigenous soil classifications. (2) the differences and overlaps between indigenous soil classifications and western soil classifications. Aims to come to a synthesis of how to link the two sources of information to improve the success of cooperation in sustainable agricultural development.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 1994
    Burkina Faso, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Building soil conservation practices on a base of indigenous knowledge greatly increases the rate at which they are adopted by farmers in Burkina Faso. Indigenous soil conservation practices are ecologically sound and need to be taken into account when efforts are made to introduce modern agricultural techniques. This article provides an example of how soil conservation practices built upon local systems for conserving resources were preferred by small-scale farmers over newly introduced conservation techniques.

  9. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    juin, 1993
    Équateur

    Este trabajo busca analizar el papel de los símbolos en las luchas agrarias indígenas. Pretendo establecer la manera como la tierra y un dirigente indígena muerto han podido llegar a constituirse en símbolos para los indígenas en sus acciones por acceder a la tierra y en la construcción de su identidad. Estos símbolos, quiero mostrarlo en el estudio, llegan a constituirse como tales, entre otras cosas, en la confrontación con la idea que la sociedad mayor, concretamente los hacendados, tiene sobre los dos elementos seleccionados.

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