Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1181.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004
    Brésil, Amérique latine et Caraïbes

    While agricultural production statistics are reported on a geopolitical – often national - basis we often need to know the status of production or productivity within specific sub-regions, watersheds, or agro-ecological zones. Such re-aggregations are typically made using expert judgments or simple area-weighting rules. We describe a new, entropy-based approach to making spatially disaggregated assessments of the distribution of crop production.

  2. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2005

    Given the number of undernourished people in the developing world and the increasingly complex risks to food security, policymakers are faced with an enormous agenda. Freeing people from hunger will require more and better-targeted investments, innovations, and policy actions, driven by a keen understanding of the dynamic risks and forces that shape the factors affecting people’s access to food and the links with nutrition.

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005

    This paper uses an asset-base framework to analyze the determinants of rural growth and sustainable poverty reduction for the three poorest countries in Central America: Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua...Using a combination of GIS mapping techniques, quantitative household analysis, and qualitative analyses of assets and livelihoods, the authors generate a description of rural territories that recognizes the differential effects of policies and asset bundles across space and households.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005
    Philippines

    This paper explores the diversity of the experience of migrants to rural, peri–urban, and urban areas using a unique longitudinal data set from the Philippines. In 2003 and 2004, the Bukidnon Panel Study followed up with 448 families in rural Mindanao who were previously interviewed in 1984/85 by the International Food Policy Research Institute and the Research Institute for Mindanao Culture, Xavier University, and surveyed both a sample of their offspring living in the same area as well as a sample of those who had moved away to different locations.

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004
    Afrique australe, Asie, Europe, Amérique septentrionale

    "Agricultural research has greatly increased the yields of important staple food crops, and for many people this has meant more food availability and trade opportunities. Yet many people in rural areas in developing countries still live in abject poverty. Therefore, policymakers, donors, and researchers are refocusing their priorities away from simply producing more food to making sure that agricultural research benefits the poor in particular. How can we ensure that new agricultural technologies are appropriate for the different groups of people who most need assistance?

  6. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2004
    Afrique, Kenya, Mali

    Agricultural growth will prove essential for improving the welfare of the vast majority of Africa’s poor. Roughly 80 percent of the continent’s poor live in rural areas, and even those who do not will depend heavily on increasing agricultural productivity to lift them out of poverty. Seventy percent of all Africans— and nearly 90 percent of the poor—work primarily in agriculture. As consumers, all of Africa’s poor—both urban and rural—count heavily on the efficiency of the continent’s farmers.

  7. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004
    Chine

    "A key objective of China's reform program was to reduce distortions in the economic system and enhance growth. However, when implemented in incremental and partial ways, local governments or individuals have chance to capture rents inherent in the reform process. Young (2000) warned that the rent-seeking behavior might lead to increasing market fragmentation. Empirical studies have since shown that this did not happen in the product markets.

  8. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005
    Éthiopie, Afrique orientale

    "This paper uses longitudinal data from 15 villages in rural Ethiopia to explore the nature and consequences of these links. It addresses the following questions: (1) What are the links between rural households and local urban centers? (2) Does better access to local market towns affect household economic behavior? and (3) Does better access to local market towns make households better off? ...In our results, market towns and cities are an important source of demand for products produced in rural areas, and rural residents are a source of demand for goods sold in urban areas.

  9. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004

    Aunque muchos de los pobres en el mundo en desarrollo no tienen tierras, la mayoría de ellos tienen algún acceso a la tierra. Estos “minifundistas pobres” siguen siendo pobres no sólo porque su propiedad es pequeña, sino también porque sus derechos a la tierra son débiles e inseguros. La inseguridad que sienten debilita sus incentivos para hacer inversiones a largo plazo en sus tierras o para usarla de manera sostenible. Sus tierras tienen un valor económico limitado porque no las pueden transferir legalmente.

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