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Showing items 1 through 9 of 9514.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 2004
    Colombie, Costa Rica, Panama, Pérou

    This paper discusses issues surrounding indigenous land rights, sharing an understanding and information about land tenure and titling within Latin America. The study focuses on examples from the country level, with the aim of influencing policy coherence and legislation.In particular, Chapter four of this document examines the implications of indigenous land tenure for natural resource management, using case studies from Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama and Peru.

  2. Library Resource

    Recognizing the need for an integrated land policy and anticipating the fundamental changes in the land administration system with the implementation of decentralization, the Government of Indonesia and the World Bank have engaged in a land policy dialogue during 2002-2003. The goal of the dialogue is to help the Government to develop a National Land Policy Framework. This report is a summary of workshops and interviews on land policy issues with central and local government officials, journalists and representatives of nongovernmental organizations.

  3. Library Resource

    While there is a large, though inconclusive, literature on the impact of land titles in Africa, little attention has been devoted to the study of land conflict, despite evidence on increasing incidence of such conflicts. The authors use data from Uganda to explore who is affected by land conflicts, whether recent legal changes have helped to reduce their incidence, and to assess their impact on productivity.

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005

    In this study, DSS was developed using linear programming (LP), goal programming (GP), and geographic information system (GIS) for sustainable watershed management in Dong Nai watershed, Vietnam. A case study approach was undertaken using `what-if` planning scenarios. The multi-objective linear programming (MOLP) techniques and GIS have been applied to display the optimum land resource allocation in different scenario, in order to evaluate the sustainable strategy of land development in a watershed.

  5. Library Resource
    Viet Nam

    This plan proposes to compensate project-affected persons (PAP) according to the land tenure rights they hold. It pays PAPs who are legal users with permanent rights to use the affected land, replacement costs for acquired land, crops and forest produce, and productive trees. Legal users with temporary rights will receive the same compensation described and also be allowed to opt for either cash assistance for affected land corresponding to 30 percent of the replacement costs of affected land or cash assistance for lost income from affected land.

  6. Library Resource
    Asie, Asie méridionale

    The authors review the literature on land markets in South Asia to clarify what's known and to highlight unresolved issues. They report that: (1) We have a good understanding of why sharecropping persists and why it can be superior to other standard agricultural contracts. We have less understanding of what determines the relative efficiency of sharecropping in different environments and why other apparently superior contractual relationships are rare.

  7. Library Resource

    Although opinions on impacts of land market transfers are sharply divided, few studies explore the welfare and productivity effects of land markets on a larger scale. This paper uses a large Indian panel spanning almost 20 years, together with a climatic shock (rainfall) indicator, to assess the productivity and equity effects of market-mediated land transfers (sale and purchase) compared with non-market ones (inheritance). The analysis shows that frequent shocks increase land market activity, an effect that is mitigated by the presence of safety nets and banks.

  8. Library Resource

    Economists have generally argued that if a land tax is administratively feasible, then to increase efficiency it should be used to the exclusion of output taxes. This article shows that underlying this policy prescription is the assumption that institutions for pooling and spreading production risks are perfect. When account is taken of the imperfections in those institutions, some use of output taxes will be Pareto superior to a pure land tax regime and may induce higher output, as well. Henry George was wrong.

  9. Library Resource
    Monitoring land quality : assuring more   sustainable agricultural production systems cover image
    Articles et Livres
    septembre, 1998

    Identification of Land Quality Indicators (LQIs) is a key requirement of sustainable land management. They are required to assess, monitor, and evaluate changes in the quality of land resources and environmental impacts. The Land Quality Indicator (LQI) program monitors the environment and the sector performance of managed ecosystems. The program is being developed on a national and regional scale, but it is also part of a larger global effort to improve natural resource management. The LQI program recommends addressing issues of land management by agroecological zones.

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