Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1181.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Kenya, Afrique orientale

    "This paper explores the puzzle of why the pastoral Maasai of Kajiado, Kenya, supported the individualization of their collectively held group ranches, an outcome that is inconsistent with theoretical expectation. Findings suggest that individuals and groups will seek to alter property rights in their anticipation of net gains from a new assignment, even as they seek to eliminate disadvantages that were present in the status quo property rights structure.

  2. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005

    Governments and development agencies require accurate information on the impacts of increased mortality rates caused by AIDS on the agricultural sector and rural livelihoods. Several previous studies have estimated the effects of prime-age mortality on afflicted households in relation to non-afflicted households.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004

    This brief considers the benefits and costs of alternative tenure and institutional arrangements and the impact of existing legal and policy frameworks on the sustainability and equity of pastoral production systems under three categories of landownership: (1) state ownership; (2) individual ownership; and (3) common property... Achieving efficient, equitable, and sustainable rangeland management depends on the costs and benefits of alternative systems. These costs and benefits, in turn, depend on agroecological, sociocultural, and economic characteristics.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004

    Since 1985, the Chinese government has given high priority to building roads, particularly high-quality roads that connect industrial centers. This report evaluates the contribution roads have made to poverty reduction and economic growth in China over the last two decades. It disaggregates road infrastructure into different classes to account for differences in their quality, and then estimates the impact of road investments on overall economic growth, agricultural growth, urban growth, urban poverty reduction, and rural poverty reduction.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Afrique, Chine, Inde

    CONTENTS:; African Stakeholders Committed to Building Consensus on Biotechnology. 2; A Safety Net with Investments in Children. 3; Assisting China with Rural Development Challenges. 3; Interview with Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India. 4; Commentary: Managing Water Competition in South Asia. 7; Putting Gender into the Global Food Picture. 8; IMPACT Software Now Available. 8; Building Public-Private Partnerships for Agricultural Innovation. 9

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004

    "Using district-level data for 1992, 1995, and 1999, the study estimated effects of different types of government expenditure on agricultural growth and rural poverty in Uganda. The results reveal that government spending on agricultural research and extension improved agricultural production substantially. This type of expenditure had the largest measured returns to growth in agricultural production. Agricultural research and extension spending also has the largest assessed impact on poverty reduction.

  7. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005

    CONTENTS:; New Book Features Highlights of 30 Years of IFPRI Research; There’s More Than One Way to Reform Water Rights; Beyond “Rural” and “Urban”; Interview with Bamanga Tukur; Putting a Price on Biodiversity; Driving Forces Behind the World’s Food and Nutrition Prospects; Course on Horticulture Supply Chains Makes Use of Innovations in Distance Learning

  8. Library Resource
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2004
    Afrique orientale, Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique, Ouganda

    The government of Uganda, with help from its development partners, is designing and implementing policies and strategies to address poverty, land degradation, and declining agricultural productivity. Land degradation, especially soil erosion and depletion of soil nutrients, is widespread in Uganda and contributes to declining productivity, which in turn increases poverty.

  9. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004
    Niger, Afrique orientale, Burkina Faso, Éthiopie

    This study analyzes the links between risk and the kinds of property rights that have evolved to provide the mobility necessary to raise livestock in drought-prone countries--in this case Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, and Niger. The study also evaluates the impact of cooperation on resource management in these environments. The express purpose of this research is to contribute to the current debate on resource management in highly variable environments, focusing on the impact of climate variability on and the role of cooperation in resource management.

  10. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2005

    "Policies built on presumptions of separateness or on traditional notions of urban and rural livelihoods diminish the possibilities for economic growth and poverty reduction. More effective policies will take the diversity of livelihoods along the continuum into account and also appreciate the differences among urban and rural areas and the links between them. Focusing on the connections between urban and rural areas can help to reframe our understanding of development in these areas.

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