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Junho 2012

Yemen is the second poorest country in
the Middle East and North Africa region, with 42 percent of
its population counted as poor in 1998. GDP has stagnated at
around US$530 per capita in real terms since 2002.
Unemployment, estimated at 11.5 percent in 1999, is expected

Junho 2012

The study provides policy
recommendations to increase the productivity of micro and
small firms in Bolivia and to provide incentives for firms
to formalize based on a fresh understanding of firms
behavior regarding formality, productivity, and
profitability. The study draws upon a new qualitative

Junho 2012

This report is about how to
progressively reduce over time Afghanistan's dependence
on opium - currently the country's leading economic
activity - by development initiatives and shifting economic
incentives toward sustainable legal livelihoods.

Junho 2012

This report has the following
objectives: (i) identify the underlying constraints to
strong and sustained growth, in particular, the dynamic
circles that lock Niger in a low-growth/high poverty
equilibrium; (ii) understand the key determinants of growth

Junho 2012

This paper is motivated by the emphasis
on secure property rights as a determinant of economic
development in recent literature. The authors use village
and household level information from about 800 villages
throughout China to explore whether legal reform increased

Junho 2012

Poverty reduction on a large scale
depends on empowering those who are most motivated to move
out of poverty-poor people themselves. But if empowerment
cannot be measured, it will not be taken seriously in
development policy making and programming. Building on the

Junho 2012

In view of its increasing importance,
and the dearth of information on return migration and its
impacts on source households, this study uses data from the
2005 Albania Living Standards Measurement Study survey and
assesses the impact of past migration experience of Albanian

Junho 2012
Ásia Central

In recent years, the countries of Europe
and Central Asia (ECA) have experienced a marked decline in
investments by international private operators/investors in
local infrastructure-much in line with the trend observed in
other emerging markets. This decline has been particularly

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