A reforma agrária é um tema de discussão perene no Zimbabué. Em 2000, o então Presidente Robert Mugabe começou a expropriar agricultores brancos, e o setor agrário sofreu um grave revés. Dezanove anos mais tarde, os problemas continuam. Recentemente, uma fazenda de café, orquídeas e abacate, administrada com sucesso, foi parcialmente ocupada.
HARARE — O governo do Zimbábue anunciou nesta segunda-feira que indenizará milhares de agricultores brancos expulsos das suas terras há duas décadas por uma reforma agrária conduzida pelo ex-presidente Robert Mugabe .
Zimbabwe is moving forward with a process to compensate former farm owners whose land was taken from them because they were white during the country’s fast-track land reform program (FTLRP).
After a controversial land-reform program transferred many commercial farms from white to black ownership, some of the new farmers have struggled to prove that they own the land. But since the government has replaced title deeds with 99-year leases, uncertainty remains about what “ownership” really means.
Most of Zimbabwe’s economic challenges, including a ballooning budget deficit, a huge trade deficit and crippling foreign currency shortages, can be traced back to how the southern African country handled land reform, a leading economist has said.
Zimbabwe embarked on a land reform programme in 2000, but came under fire for the manner in which it was conducted.
After the death of her husband, Sinodia Moyo* (58) was left with nothing in terms of moveable assets after her in-laws took everything away from her. She was left with a small piece of land after property such as livestock and household goods were distributed among her in-laws, leaving her in the cold.
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