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GRAIN en 2023 : l'essentiel de nos activités

Reports & Research
Julio, 2024
Afrique
Terres australes et antarctiques françaises
Amériques
Asie
Europe
Océanie
Australie et Nouvelle-Zélande

La concentration du pouvoir des entreprises dans le système alimentaire est restée un défi redoutable en 2023, mais GRAIN, avec ses partenaires et allié·es, a continué à défendre la souveraineté alimentaire comme véritable alternative.

This Beautiful Land

Reports & Research
Marzo, 2024
Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Kenya
Uganda
South Africa

In 2021, Transparency International and the Equal Rights Trust published Defying Exclusion: Stories and Insights on the Links between Discrimination and Corruption. Bringing together a diverse group of case studies from across the globe, it documented and illustrated the mutually reinforcing links – the vicious cycle – between discrimination and corruption. Defying Exclusion marked the first attempt to systematically explore the phenomena we termed “discriminatory corruption”.

L’université virtuelle en Afrique : les défis à surmonter

Conference Papers & Reports
Diciembre, 2023
Afrique

De plus en plus de pays africains se dotent d’universités virtuelles. Réponse pertinente, bien que partielle, au défi de la massification, leur déploiement soulève des défis techniques, institutionnels, culturels et de qualité des ressources mobilisées. En Afrique, dans un contexte de contraintes budgétaires manifestes sur l’enseignement supérieur, le coût de financement des infrastructures universitaires publiques est élevé. Les universités numériques semblent un moyen d’offrir un accès moins coûteux à la formation tout en répondant à l’enjeu de massification.

Understanding and Addressing Corruption in the Land Sector

Conference Papers & Reports
Noviembre, 2023
Global

Land corruption – corrupt practices in the land sector – threatens the lives and livelihoods of people and communities, the environment and climate, food security and political stability. Its impacts are particularly acute for 2.5 billion people who live on and from the land. Addressing it requires a dedicated focus and assessment of land related institutions across different national contexts.

Addressing land corruption for climate justice

Reports & Research
Octubre, 2023
Sub-Saharan Africa

Land corruption seriously threatens efforts to fight climate change and achieve a fair energy transition. By undermining climate programmes, projects and practices, it fuels increased carbon emissions and negative climate outcomes. It weakens tenure security and contributes to human rights violations. By channelling funds and resources towards elites, and supporting harmful or poorly managed projects, land corruption also erodes the legitimacy and credibility of the climate agenda, reducing popular support for vital action.

Land corruption risks in the green energy sector

Policy Papers & Briefs
Octubre, 2023
Global

Green energy (and/or renewable energy) requires large areas of land to operate, often more so than energy generated from fossil fuels. The acquisition of land comes with accompanying corruption risks which can lead to challenges such as land grabbing and illegal displacement of communities. To help mitigate corruption risks and their consequences, strong regulatory oversight and rigorous licensing requirements are needed, as well as transparency and community-based approaches to ownership of green energy projects.

 

Corruption risks in land-based solutions to climate change

Policy Papers & Briefs
Septiembre, 2023
Global

“Nature-based” solutions to climate change require the acquisition of large swaths of land for reforestation, afforestation, conservation and renewable energy sources. However, corruption in the land sector is already widespread and this additional demand for land may aggravate pre-existing corruption risks, as well as causing new ones.

Connaître ou mettre en débat, alerter ou éclairer la décision : Trajectoires et appropriations des observatoires fonciers en Afrique

Peer-reviewed publication
Mayo, 2023
Afrique
Afrique occidentale

En retraçant la vie sociale du concept d’observatoire foncier en contextes africains, l’objectif de cette étude est d’analyser l’émergence, l’évolution, la mise en œuvre et les effets des observatoires fonciers sur l’action publique foncière. Le nombre d’observatoires du foncier s’accroit, sans que la nature de ces organisations et les liens entretenus avec les acteurs du foncier et les processus de politique foncière soient encore pleinement compris.

INFORME SOBRE LA SITUACIÓN DE LOS DEFENSORES Y DEFENSORAS TIERRA Y EL TERRITORIO EN ARGENTINA

Reports & Research
Marzo, 2023
Argentina

El avance del agronegocio sobre territorios ocupados por agricultoras y agricultores familiares y sobre territorios ancestrales de comunidades indígenas se ha ido intensificado en los últimos años, con graves consecuencias como desalojos forzosos, en muchos casos violentos, ya sea por el uso de las fuerzas policiales o empresariales, poniendo en riesgo la vida de quienes resisten a los mismos.

Reconstruction and Restitution: A Fundamental Stabilization Issue with Ukraine as Case Study

Journal Articles & Books
Febrero, 2023
Eastern Europe
Ukraine

With over 14 million people now displaced from their housing, land, and property (HLP) in Ukraine there is considerable concern about the reconstruction and restitution process. This is particularly significant in Ukraine given that destruction of HLP appears a purposeful effort on the part of Russian forces. The Ukrainian Prime Minister emphasized the importance of reconstruction and restitution planning before the war is over.

Proceedings of the 2nd Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Forum on Responsible Governance of Investment in Land

Conference Papers & Reports
Febrero, 2023
Ethiopia

The second Multi-Stakeholders Dialogue Forum (MSD 02) was held from 29 to 31 March 2022 in Bahir Dar city, the capital of the Amhara region. The MSD Forum brought together 115 representatives of government officials, technical experts, investors, local community representatives, development partners, and the media in order to find solutions to the various challenges in the governance of largescale agricultural investments in Ethiopia. The three-days MSD meeting included presentations, group work and field visits.