Background: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among the under-five children in low-income countries. Despite improvements in water and sanitation coverage, studies show that diarrhoea is still a major public health problem in Ethiopia. This study was designed to determine the magnitude and risk factors of diarrhoea in the agricultural and agro-pastoralist communities of the rural Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in July 2013. Interview and questionnaire were the main data gathering instruments used in the study. Data for the study was collected from 1939 mothers/caregivers of the children. The children were under five years of age during the data collection period. Structured questions were used to collect data for the study. SPSS software V 19 was used to analyze the data based on a predefined conceptual model, including interrelated determinants. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was computed to assess independent factors of childhood diarrhoea.
Results: Slightly over 95% of the participants were from Sidama ethnic background and about 88% of them were Participants. The number of male children in the study was slightly higher (53%) than that of the female participants. The mean and median ages of the children were 33.53 and 35 months, respectively. The prevalence of diarrhoea in the two weeks prior to the study was 25.6%.
The occurrence of diarrhea was significantly associated with household heads following traditional religion (Odds Ratio (OR): 2.40; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) =1.49-3.88)), living in rented or shared houses (OR: 2.00; 95% CI=1.14 -3.51), living in agro-pastoralist (OR: 1.84; 95% CI=1.29-2.63), and Midland agriculturalists areas (OR: 1.50; 95% CI=1.04-2.14).
In addition, storing drinking water for more than two days (OR: 1.74; 95% CI=1.27-2.37), the presence of diarrhoea in the family members other than the index child (OR: 1.35; 95% CI=1.05-1.74), children being in the age group of 6-12 months (OR: 2.459; 95% CI=1.676-3.608) and 13-24 months (OR: 1.619; 95% CI=1.103-2.377) were strongly associated with the under-five diarrhoeal morbidity (p.0.05).
Conclusions: The study showed that diarrhoea was a major health problem of the under five among the agro-pastoralist communities. Socioeconomic, environmental, household and childcare related factors have influenced the transmission of diarrhoea in the study setting. Delivery of improved sanitation and hygiene suitable for agro-pastoralist communities may have a significant importance on the child health and survival in the study area.
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Vision, mission and strategy
ILRI's strategy 2013-2022 was approved in December 2012. It emerged from a wide processof consultation and engagement.
ILRI envisions... a world where all people have access to enough food and livelihood options to fulfil their potential.
ILRI’s mission is... to improve food and nutritional security and to reduce poverty in developing countries through research for efficient, safe and sustainable use of livestock—ensuring better lives through livestock.
ILRI’s three strategic objectives are:
Addis Ababa University (AAU), which was established in 1950 as the University College of Addis Ababa (UCAA), is the oldest and the largest higher learning and research institution in Ethiopia. Since its inception, the University has been the leading center in teaching-learning, research and community services.
Hawassa university is a public university in Ethiopia.
Hawassa University (or HU) was established at Hawassa in April 2000. Since 1976 the colleges of HU had been operational starting with the College of Agriculture. The university was formed by merging three colleges in southern Ethiopia: Awassa College of Agriculture, Wondogenet College of Forestry and Dilla College of Teacher Education and Health Sciences.
Source: Wikipedia (consulted d.d. October 12th 2017)
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CGIAR is the only worldwide partnership addressing agricultural research for development, whose work contributes to the global effort to tackle poverty, hunger and major nutrition imbalances, and environmental degradation.