Learning Exchange and Policy Dialogue on Customary Tenure (CT) Recognition, Food Security and Traditional Livelihoods in the ASEAN Region | Land Portal
Organizers: 

Project Description

Land governance is at the center of development challenges in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam. Governments are revising land policies and practices in order to face these challenges. The project aims to (i) assist the emergence of more favorable policies and practices for securing the rights and access of family farmers to land and natural resources; and (ii) to strengthen the effectiveness of concerned stakeholders through learning, alliance building and regional cooperation.


The Land Matrix is an independent global land monitoring initiative that promotes transparency and accountability in decisions over large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) in low- and middle-income countries across the world. The initiative actively collects information about land deals from publicly available sources (such as media, internet, research, contracts, and government and company websites), while partner organisations contribute through their own field research.

Language of the event: 
English

THEME

Linking customary tenure (CT) recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods in the ASEAN region

December 1-3, 2021 | 2PM Philippine time | via Zoom

https://bit.ly/ASEANRLEPDonCT

https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZEkd-GsqTIiGN0XOHxAP7-GOVbabkQz4uUf

Introduction

The State of the World’s Forest in 2018 underscored that clear and secured tenure rights are recognized as an important prerequisite for the sustainable management of natural resources. Tenure covers multiple rights, including at a minimum, the right to access, the right to make management decisions and the right to withdraw resources from a particular area. Over the past few years, there have been progress in the areas of tenure and safeguards at the ASEAN (regional) level, particularly in the Mekong sub-region. Free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) provisions under international and national laws, policies and programs have gained strength. Several legal reforms have been proposed, and in part adopted, in recent years on land in the region. Both customary tenure (CT) and FPIC have been recognized as key indicators in an important guideline for responsible investment in food agriculture and forestry.

However, despite these developments, several challenges remain. For customary forest tenure, access and ownership are still conditional and restricted in several cases. Land conflicts remain high. Further cases of encroachments in customary land and forests threaten customary rights and impede on traditional livelihood and customary conservation and resource management practices. In terms of safeguards, FPIC guidelines have not been developed and institutionalized in several ASEAN countries, and many development projects such as dam construction, mining, and agroindustry crops are taking place without the consent of communities. The lack of capacity and awareness by the local communities and indigenous peoples on the international and regional mechanisms that provide safeguards over community rights limit their ability to engage authorities about the adherence to these safeguards. 

Based on the latest available figures collected by The Center for People and Forest, formerly the Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific (RECOFTC), the ASEAN region has approximately 10,078,435 ha of state forestland managed under official social forestry agreements or communal land titles (RECOFTC and AWG-SF, 2017). While those that have social forestry policies have a tenure system in place, tenurial rights can easily be revoked by the government depending on its priorities. Incentives for the local people to manage the forest sustainably in terms of use rights also depend on the policies of the government and the clarity of how these policies were written (Ramirez, et al., 2019).

Building on these gains and recognizing existing challenges, it is vital to continue amplifying the work towards the development, adoption and implementation of CT recognition and the use of safeguards such as FPIC in securing rights over customary forest tenure in the Mekong region through strengthening the policy and practice work (action research, analyses and assessments, capacity building and knowledge exchange) that will deliver increased capacities, key lessons, policy recommendations, and policy guidance in securing customary forest tenure and FPIC safeguards.
 

Learning Exchange and Policy Dialogue on Customary Tenure (CT) Recognition, Food Security and Traditional Livelihoods in the ASEAN Region 

The regional learning exchange and policy dialogue is part of the project, “Strengthening regional mechanisms and capacities in engaging, implementing, and adopting CT recognition and FPIC as safeguards in the Mekong region”. It aims to contribute towards the following Outcome:

 

ASEAN Guidelines for CT recognition is supported, adopted, and implemented by ASEAN Member States to support national policies and legislations (Outcome 2)

 

In this Learning Exchange and Policy Dialogue, the organizers aim to:

  1. Raise awareness on the status of CT recognition in different member states of the ASEAN, focusing particularly on its intersect with food security and traditional livelihoods;

  2. Present to multi-stakeholder partners different views, strategies and approaches concerning policy reform on CT recognition at the national and regional levels; and

  3. Discuss and review the draft zero of an ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition and identify action points to promote its adoption at the regional and national levels.

 

Key Participants

  • ASEAN Member State representatives working in the environment and forestry sector; government officials

  • Civil society organizations – e.g., CSO Forum on Social Forestry in ASEAN, RRI, The Tenure Facility, Land Portal

  • National CT alliance members

  • Regional CT Alliance Members 

  • Indigenous people and local community representatives

  • Relevant regional and national bodies – AWG-SF, ASEAN Secretariat, Steering Committee on CCFS

  • Family farmers in forested landscapes in the ASEAN region (men, women, youth and IPs)

  • Other development partners (e.g. FAO, International Land Coalition (ILC), IFAD etc.)

 

Interpretation channels

  • Khmer, Lao, Vietnamese, Burmese, Thai, Bahasa, Filipino

 

Additional notes

  • This activity is part of a series of activities geared towards the development of the ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition. 

  • The first activity, a technical seminar and knowledge sharing, will be organized by NTFP-EP on November 11-12, 2021, and will focus on the general overview of the status of CT recognition and FPIC in the ASEAN region. This learning exchange and policy dialogue will come after, with the goal of (1) linking CT recognition with food security and traditional livelihoods; and (2) reviewing the zero draft of the ASEAN Guidelines.

 

Day 1: Understanding CT recognition and Food Security and Traditional Livelihoods in the ASEAN Region

Starting time: 02:00PM Philippine time

Duration: 2 hours 45 minutes (program proper, not including breaks)

Main host: Germaine de Rona, AFA

 







Time

Duration

Session

Format

Content/ Discussion Questions

Speaker/ Facilitator

01:30 PM

30 minutes

Setting up and testing the connections with speakers and translators

n/a

n/a

Technical team

02:00 PM

30 minutes

Setting the scene: Opening ceremony

  • Opening remarks

  • Introduction of guests and participants

  • Introduction to the program

Plenary

 

Speakers will be given 5 minutes each for the opening remarks

 

AWG-SF - tbc

ASEAN Secretariat – tbc 

MRLG – Natalie Campbell

NTFP-EP – Ms. Femy Pinto

AFA – Conchita Calzado 

02:30 PM

Presentation 1: 5-7 minutes


Presentation 2: 7 minutes each

 

Presentation 3: 14 minutes

 

Total: 1 hour

 

Session 1. Understanding the intersect of CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods

 

- Presentation 1. Introduction on CT and CT Recognition

 

- Presentation 2. Case study findings

  1. Cambodia

  2. Lao PDR

  3. Myanmar

  4. Vietnam

 

- Presentation 3. Overview of situation of non CLMV countries

 

- Q&A

Panel presentations

 

Presentation 1. Definition of the core concepts of CT and types of CT recognition and its dimensions (bundle of rights, decision-making, gender, etc.)

 

Presentation 2. Results of the case studies in Mekong countries

  • Background of the selected communities (e.g. CT recognitions status, food security status, types of traditional livelihoods)

  • Links between CT norms and livelihoods and food security objectives

  • Gender, youth and IP dimensions

 

Presentation 3. 

  • General overview of the situation of CT, food security and traditional livelihoods in non-CLMV countries;

  • Examples showing the linkage between CT, food security and traditional livelihoods;

  • Gender, IP and youth dimensions

Presentation 1. RECOFTC - Nathalie Faure

 

Presentation 2. 

  1. FNN - Bunhieng Hean

  2. LFN - Nousavanh Pheuangsavanh

  3. MERN - Than Soe Oo

  4. CISDOMA - Tung Pham Quang

 

Presentation 3. AFA- Riza Bernabe

03:30 PM

20 minutes

Break

 

Intermission (video)

 

Ang Pangarap ni Alvin

 

03:50 PM

30 minutes

Session 1 (cont). Understanding the intersect of CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods

 

- Country-level breakout group discussions

Breakout group

Guide questions:

  • Are there similarities/ differences between your experiences and the case studies with regard to the linkage between CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods?

  • What are the facilitators and barriers that improve/ hinder CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods in your community/ country?

Breakout groups:

  • National-level (if there is at least 5-7 participants for each country)

  • English breakout group - for participants from regional/ global organizations

 

Facilitators

  • Case study researchers

  • Note-takers: tbc 

04:20 PM

Plenary reporting: 5 minutes each

 

Total: 30 minutes

Session 1 (cont). Understanding the intersect of CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods

 

- Plenary reporting of breakout group discussions

 

Plenary reporting 

Plenary reporting: Rapporteurs

04:50 PM

10 minutes

Summary of discussion and key takeaways

Plenary presentation

 

Ask participants to answer menti/ padlet

 

Summary of discussion, key takeaways, quotable quotes from participants

 

Overview of day 2 sessions

AFA - Esther Penunia

5:00PM

End of program

 

Day 2: Policy and Inclusive Governance Mechanisms to Strengthen CT Recognition and Food Security and Traditional Livelihoods in the ASEAN Region

Starting time: 02:00 PM Philippine time

Duration: 2 hours, 30 minutes (program proper, not including breaks)

Main host: Lanz Espacio, AFA

 







Time

Duration

Session

Format

Content/ Discussion Questions

Speaker/ Facilitator

01:30 PM

30 minutes

Setting up and testing the connections with speakers and translators

n/a

n/a

Technical team

02:00 PM

10 minutes

Setting the scene: Introduction

Plenary

 

AFA - Myline Macabuhay

02:10 PM

Presentation 1: 15 minutes

 

Presentation 2: 7 minutes each

 

Total: 45 minutes

Session 2. Policy and Inclusive Governance Mechanisms to Strengthen CT Recognition, Food Security and Traditional Livelihoods

 

- Presentation 1. Existing policies on CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods in the ASEAN and their alignment to VGGT, RAI and SDGs; policy recommendations

 

- Presentation 2. Case studies of inclusive governance mechanisms promoting CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods (3 sets)

 

- Q&A

Plenary presentations

 

Presentation 1

  • Existing policies on CT recognition, food security and traditional livelihoods in the ASEAN region

  • National commitments/ declarations relating to VGGT, SDG, RAI and status of their adoption

  • Best practices and policy recommendations

 

Presentation 2. 

  • Background/ overview of the issue/ situation

  • Intervention and analysis of impacts (core elements of inclusive governance mechanism; how CT is promoted/ improved through governance mechanism; facilitating and hindering factors)

  • Alignment with VGGT, RAI, SDG principles

Presentation 1. AFA - Riza Bernabe

 

Presentation 2. 

  1. RMI - Wahyubinatara Fernandez

  2. RECOFTC Cambodia - Tol Sokchea

  3. NLRF - Prem Napali

 

03:00 PM

Presentation 1: 6 minutes 

 

Presentation 2: 8 minutes

 

Total: 15 minutes

Session 3. The Role of Data in Promoting CT Recognition and Food Security in the ASEAN Region

 

Presentation 1. Overview of the LMI; land grabs and tenure (LMI AR III)

 

Presentation 2. Large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) and impacts to local communities in SEA

 

Q&A

Plenary presentation

Presentation 1. Insights from:

  • Introduction to the Land Matrix Initiative

  • Land grabs and tenure global/ regional trends (LMI AR III)

 

Presentation 2. 

  • Overview of LSLAs in SEA (2021 data)

  • Socioeconomic impacts to local community (findings from the palm oil report)

Presentation 1. CDE - Markus Giger

 

Presentation 2. AFA - Danikka Rivera

03:15 PM

15 minutes

Break

 

Intermission (video)

 

03:30 PM

Breakout group – 30 minutes

 

Plenary reporting – 5 minutes each

 

Total: 1 hour

Session 4. Policy and Inclusive Governance Mechanisms to Strengthen CT Recognition, Food Security and Traditional Livelihoods

 

- Breakout group discussion to discuss policy elements needed for the ASEAN Guidelines

 

- Plenary reporting 

Breakout group

Guide questions:

  • Are there similarities/ differences between the existing policies on CT recognition among ASEAN countries? 

  • What are the challenges/ opportunities in using VGGT, RAI, SDGs in promoting CT recognition and food security in ASEAN Member States?

  • What are the elements/ provisions needed to be highlighted in the ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition?

Breakout groups:

  • National-level (if there is at least 7 participants for each country)

  • English breakout group - for participants from regional/ global organizations

 

Facilitators

  • Case study researchers

  • Note-takers: tbc 

04:30

10 minutes

Summary of discussion and key takeaways

 

Overview of day 3

Plenary presentation

 

Ask participants to answer menti/ padlet

Summary of discussion, key takeaways, quotable quotes from participants

 

Overview of day 2 sessions

AFA – Juneliza Pandela

4:40PM

End of program

 

Day 3: Development of the Zero Draft of the ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition

Starting time: 02:00 Philippine time

Duration: 2 hours, 30 minutes (program proper, not including breaks)

Main host: Lanz Espacio, AFA

 







Time

Time/ Duration

Session

Format

Content/ Discussion Questions

Speaker/ Facilitator

01:30 PM

30 minutes

Setting up and testing the connections with speakers and translators

n/a

n/a

Technical team

02:00 PM

10 minutes

Setting the scene: Introduction

Plenary

 

AFA - Myline Macabuhay

02:10 PM

Presentation 1: 10 minutes

 

Presentation 2: 15 minutes

 

Q&A: 5 minutes

 

Session 5. Development of the Zero Draft of the ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition

 

Presentation 1. Process in Finalizing ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition;

 

Presentation 2. Zero Draft of the ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition

 

Q&A

Plenary presentation

Presentation 1:

  • Step-by-step process in developing and finalizing the ASEAN Guidelines

 

Presentation 2. 

  • Provisions of the zero draft

Presentation 1. NTFP-EP - Dazzle Labapis

 

Presentation 2. NTFP-EP - Atty. Edna Maguigad

02:45 PM

Breakout group: 45 minutes

 

Total: 45 minutes

Session 5. Review of the Zero Draft of the ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition (cont)

 

- Breakout group discussion

Breakout group

Guide Questions

  • Note: Breakout group to review the zero draft line-by-line

  • Comments/ questions/ suggestions to the zero draft

  • What are the strategies or key actions needed to support the finalization and adoption of the ASEAN Guidelines on CT Recognition?

  • Who are the stakeholders that need to be involved/ targeted in the process?

Breakout groups:

  • National-level (if there is at least 7 participants for each country)

  • English breakout group - for participants from regional/ global organizations

  • AMS breakout group representatives

 

Facilitators

  • Case study researchers

  • AFA/ NTFP-EP – AMS representatives

 

Note-takers: tbc 

03:30 PM

15 minutes

Break

 

Intermission (video)

 

03:45 PM

Plenary reporting: 5 minutes each

 

Total: 30 minutes 

Session 5. Review of the Zero Draft of the ASEAN Guidelines for CT Recognition (cont)

 

- Plenary reporting 

Plenary reporting

 

Guide Questions:

  • Highlights of breakout group discussions

Rapporteurs

04:15 PM

15 minutes

Summary of discussion and key takeaways and action points

Plenary presentation

 

Crowdsourcing response through Menti/ Padlet platforms

  • What can each participants commit to support the finalization and adoption of the ASEAN Guidelines on CT Recognition?

 

Summary of discussion:

  • Key takeaways and quotable quotes from participants

  • Core elements to be included in the zero draft

  • Key action points to be done

AFA - Myline Macabuhay

 

AFA – Riza Bernabe

04:30 PM

30 minutes

Closing activities

  • Closing remarks

 

Provide regional perspective

Representatives from:

ASEAN Secretariat

AWG-SF

MRLG - Natalie Campbell

NTFP-EP - Femy Pinto 

AFA - Esther Penunia

5:00PM

End of program

 

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