Protection Zone Law (1997) | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
February 1997
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The Law provides rules on different types of protection zones, protected areas, and protection strips, which are specified in laws and other regulatory enactments. Its purpose is to determine the types of protection zones and the functions thereof; the basic principles for the establishment of protection zones; the procedures for the maintenance and control of the condition of protection zones; and restrictions of economic activity in protection zones. According to the Law, there are the following types of protection zones: environmental and natural resources protection zones; exploitation protection zones; sanitary protection zones; security protection zones; and other protection zones if such are provided by the Law. More specifically, environmental and natural resources protection zones include the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Riga coastal protection zone; surface water body protection zones; protection zones (protection areas) around cultural monuments; protection zones around water-supply points; forest protection zones around cities; and protection zones around marshes. In addition, the Law regulates the following exploitation protection zones: protection zones around land amelioration structures and installations; protection zones along water pipe and sewage networks; protection zones around gas lines, gas warehouses and storage sites; protection zones around underground water official State monitoring posts and deep drillings; and protection zones around dam safety determination control and measuring instrumentation. Further, as sanitary protection zones, the Law lays down rules for protection zones around animal graveyards; and protection zones around waste disposal sites, waste dumps and water treatment equipment. Finally, the Law also covers protection zones around the lines, warehouses and storage sites of petroleum, petroleum products and chemical substances and products.

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