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Map of Kazakhstan


Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world by land size (2.725 million km², including areas of land and water). Economically, Kazakhstan has achieved the most comprehensive transition of post-Soviet Central Asian states from a planned to a market economy, fuelled by large reserves in oil, gas, and minerals such as uranium. On the other hand, much land in Kazakhstan remains under state ownership, from which the public may gain access through leaseholds. Reports show high levels of corruption amongst its land authorities, and the country ranks poorly in terms of its enforcement of property rights protections.
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Land Area
269,970,000 ha
26,110.5 USD
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Depleted land needs more water, which is already insufficient across much of Central Asia

Central Asia’s poorest farmers know the value of their land

8 March 2023

Farmland and pastures across Central Asia are far less productive after decades of monocropping

Bolat Nazarbayev

Kazakhstan: Swathes of land confiscated from Nazarbayev’s brother ahead of vote

3 February 2023

Authorities have apparently confiscated vast swathes of land from the unpopular brother of Kazakhstan’s first president, with the ruling Amanat party keen to take the credit as parliamentary elections loom.

Wildfires Devastate Homes, Lives While Threatening Kazakhstan's Sparse Forests

10 September 2022

This corner of Kazakhstan, close to the border with Russia, is no stranger to wildfires, which threaten farmland as well as the forests that occupy a mere 4 percent of Kazakhstan.

During Soviet rule, the land was brought under state control, principally through collectivisation, although migratory livestock husbandry was permitted after 1941.

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Good Land Governance: The Problems of Transition to Transparency, Participation, and Accountability

11 July 2023

Good Land Governance is a governance system that aims to protect the property rights of individuals and enterprises based on following good governance principles like accountability, transparency, the rule of law, effectiveness, efficiency, equality and public participation.