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Map of Lesotho


Lesotho is a small mountainous country with a population of 2.1 million Basotho people. Its borders are enclosed within the borders of South Africa. Just 11% of Lesotho’s land is classified as arable with less than 1% of land classified as high potential land for crop production.  The majority of people live in the lowlands area (below 2000m altitude). 
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Aerial view of the queue of residents of an informal settlement waiting to receive their food parcels on 20 May.


29 August 2021

Community leader Nkosinathi Buthelezi said the COVID-19 pandemic had hit the Waterworks informal settlement near Lenasia hard.

allafrica-lesotho_ humanitarian crisis has severely impacted education

Lesotho: Covid-19 Worsens Women Land Rights Violations in Lesotho

8 February 2021

LOCKDOWN restrictions aimed at fighting the Covid-19 pandemic in Lesotho have had an unintended adverse negative impact of undermining women's customary land rights, a regional human rights body has found. The organisation, Advancing Rights in Southern Africa (ARISA), said its research on the…


Lesotho and IFAD Address the Rural Economy and Sustainable Agriculture

8 December 2020

The Kingdom of Lesotho recently signed on to the International Fund for Agricultural Development’s (IFAD) extension of the Smallholder Agriculture Development Project (SADP) to improve the livelihoods of vulnerable small-scale farmers. SADP II, the project’s second phase, targets youth and women to…



Lesotho has seen a rapid urbanisation with the quadrupling of its urban population between 1976 and 2006

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Men ploughing_Photosource Pixabay CC0

Customary law and institutions: Comparative perspectives from Eswatini and Lesotho

6 August 2021

By Sean Johnson, land administration specialist at COWI, Swaziland * This piece was originally published as part of the online discussion on customary law in Southern Africa Institutions – societal behaviour, norms, rules, laws, and structures – emerge, develop, and are shaped by the interaction of…