Land Claims and Self-Government Agreement among the Tlicho and the Government of the Northwest Territories and the Government of Canada. | Land Portal

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The present Agreement is the first combined land, resources and self-government Agreement in the Northwest Territories. Canada, the Government of the Northwest Territories(GNWT) and the Tlicho are Parties to the Agreement. The Agreement provides the Tlicho with ownership of a single block of 39,000 square kilometres of land, including subsurface resources, adjacent to or surrounding the four Tlicho communities. The Agreement also provides for self-government. A regional Tlicho Government was created with law-making authority over Tlicho Citizens in their communities and on their lands. This law-making authority includes aspects of education, adoption, child and family services, training, income support, social housing, and Tlicho language and culture.The text consists of 27 Chapters as follows: Interpretation (1), General provisions (2); Enrolment (3); Ratification Process (4); Implementation (5); Dispute Resolution (6); Tlicho Government (7); Tlicho Community Government (8); Tlicho Community Lands (9); Wildlife Harvesting Rights (10); Wildlife Harvesting Compensation (11); Wildlife Harvesting Management (12); Trees and Forest Management (13); Plants (14); National Parks (15); Protected Areas (16); Heritage Resources (17); Tlicho Lands (18); Access to Tlicho Lands (19); Expropriation of Tlicho Lands (20); Water Rights and Management (21); Land and Water Regulation (22); Subsurface Resources (23); Financial Payments (24); Mineral Royalties (25); Economic Measures (26); Taxation (27).

Implemented by: Tlicho Land Claims and Self-government Agreement Act (S.N.W.T. 2003, c. 28). (2003)
Implemented by: Tlicho Community Government Act (S.N.W.T 2004, c. 7). (2013)
Implemented by: Tlicho Land Claims and Self-Government Act (S.C. 2005, c. 1). (2014-04-01)
Implements: National Energy Board Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. N-7). (2016-06-19)
Implements: Fisheries Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. F-14). (2016-04-05)
Implements: Canada National Parks Act (S.C. 2000, c. 32). (2017-06-19)
Implements: Canada Petroleum Resources Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. 36) (2nd Supp.). (2016-02-27)
Implements: Territorial Parks Act (R.S.N.W.T. 1988,c.T-4). (2013)
Implements: Indian Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5). (2015-04-02)

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Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC)


A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.

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