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Map of Nicaragua


Nicaragua is a country located on the isthmus of Central America, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. In 2019, the country had a total population of 6,486,201 inhabitants and a GDP per capita of $5,683. It is one of the poorest countries in the Americas. The agricultural sector has traditionally been the main sustenance for the economy of the country.
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Land Area
12,034,000 ha
5,638.8 USD
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Alarming new report finds we lost 45,000 square miles of tree cover in 2019. That’s an area the size of Nicaragua

2 June 2020

Last year the world lost some 119,000 square kilometers (45,946 square miles) of tree cover – an area the size of Nicaragua – according to satellite data collated by the University of Maryland (UMD) released today by World Resources Institute (WRI). Almost a third of that loss – or an area the size…

Land Invasion In Nicaragua: Specialists Assure There Are Indigenous Communities In "Risk of Extinction"

15 August 2019

According to reports from the organization Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL), the indigenous communities of the Miskitu ethnic group, from Nicaragua, could be on the verge of extinction because they are in a serious situation of abandonment and vulnerability because of the constant…

Defending Our Land: Three Nicaraguan Women’s Struggle for Their Community

2 July 2019

Dolene Miller, Elba Rivera and Francisca Ramirez have spent years defending the territories of the indigenous peoples, farmers and Afro-Nicaraguans. Here are their stories. HAVANA TIMES – Defending their lands and the environment has cost the lives of many women around the world, especially in…



Even after the agrarian reform of the 1980s, land remains unequally distributed. In the 2000s, 72% of rural households held only 16% of total land.

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13 March 2023

CALPI received information that the community of Wilú has been attacked by settlers on March 11, 2023 and that on March 10, 2023, three Mayangna community members and two children members of the Mískitu indigenous people were kidnapped; the kidnapped people were on their way from the community of…

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World Bank Climate Report Launch Webinar: Strengthening Land Tenure of Indigenous People and Local Communities in FCPF Countries

-This Event has ended -   Tuesday, November 23rd, 2021 8:30 AM – 10:00 AM (Eastern Time) Online via Zoom This session will be interpreted in French and Spanish. Description: Strengthening Indigenous Land Tenure: A Critical Pillar of Climate Action   A prominent outcome of this year’s UN Climate…