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Map of Indonesia


Indonesia contains 17,508 islands, of which around 6,000 are populated. The total land area is just over 1.9 million km2. Its geographical location off mainland Southeast Asia places the country as particularly susceptible to natural disasters, including climate change. Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world with over 270 million inhabitants. Over 140 million people live on Java, making it the most populous island in the world. It is also the world’s largest Muslim country, making up 87% of the population.
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Indonesia’s defence minister sued over land grab

Indonesia’s defence minister sued over land grab

26 July 2021

Main photo: Indonesia’s Defence Minister Prabowo Subianto, left, with President Joko Widodo in October 2019.  AP Singapore/Jakarta | Hundreds of high-ranking retired military officers have taken Indonesia’s Minister for Defence Prabowo Subianto to court in an effort to resolve a long-simmering…

Top brands failing to spot rights abuses on Indonesian oil palm plantations

23 July 2021

A new report highlights systemic social and environmental problems that continue to plague the Indonesian palm oil industry and ripple far up the global palm oil supply chain. The report looked at local and Indigenous communities living within and around 10 plantations and found that their human…

A road project in Indonesia’s Gorontalo carves a path of graft and grief

14 July 2021

More than 1,000 families were entitled to payments for land needed to construct the Gorontalo Outer Ring Road, a national priority infrastructure project on Indonesia’s Sulawesi Island. The road will connect Djalaluddin Airport in the capital of Gorontalo province with the province’s main ferry…



Customary tenure regimes are highly diverse across Indonesia, and include individualised and communal parcels, different means of transfer, and variation in local inheritance practices.

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Indonesia rice plantation

Homecoming without the prom: How Indonesia’s Indigenous youth are returning to bolster their communities

2 September 2021

It’s not unusual for children to leave home when they become adults: it is rarer, though, that they come back to invigorate the communities they grew up in with new ideas and services. That, however, is exactly what is happening in indigenous territories throughout Indonesia. It is called …

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Securing Rights to Secure Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change

Securing Rights to Secure Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change

Research shows that lands managed by Indigenous Peoples and local communities with secure rights experience lower rates of deforestation, store more carbon, hold more biodiversity, and benefit more people than lands managed by either public or private entities. Yet while Indigenous Peoples and…