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Map of Indonesia


Indonesia contains 17,508 islands, of which around 6,000 are populated. The total land area is just over 1.9 million km2. Its geographical location off mainland Southeast Asia places the country as particularly susceptible to natural disasters, including climate change. Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world with over 270 million inhabitants. Over 140 million people live on Java, making it the most populous island in the world. It is also the world’s largest Muslim country, making up 87% of the population.
Socio-economic indicators browse all
Land Area
189,255,547 ha
11,858.2 USD

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INDONESIA: Rumah Warga di kawasan Simogunung Surabaya bukan Rumah Dinas TNI Aangkatan Udara

8 November 2023

TNI Angkat Udara (TNI AU) dalam hal ini Pangkalan Udara Muljono telah melakukan klaim sepihak terhadap ratusan rumah rumah di kawasan Simogunung sebagai Rumah Dinas milik TNI AU, klaim ini ditolak para warga yang selama ini telah puluhan tahun menempati rumah tersebut.

Mangrove planting on the coast of Ambon Island, Indonesia

Indonesia’s mangrove restoration will run out of land well short of target, study warns

9 March 2023

Indonesia's  mangrove restoration plan faces a major hurdle, with less than a third of the target area is actually viable for restoration.

Minister witnesses the installation of land boundary markers in a paddy field in Central Java

Minister pledges to "beat up" land mafia in Indonesia

3 February 2023

Minister pledges to "beat up" land mafia in Indonesia



Customary tenure regimes are highly diverse across Indonesia, and include individualised and communal parcels, different means of transfer, and variation in local inheritance practices.

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Webinar Recap : When carbon markets go wrong - How to ensure access to remedy for land tenure violations

12 February 2024

This webinar, the fourth of the Advancing Land-based Investment Governance (ALIGN) series, took place on February 9th, 2024, under the title “When carbon markets go wrong: How to ensure access to remedy for land tenure violations”. The webinar drew in 562 participants and featured panelists from…

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When carbon markets go wrong

When carbon markets go wrong: How to ensure access to remedy for land tenure violations

This webinar will explore what access to remedy might look like for communities in the global carbon market system, with a focus on issues of land and resources tenure. Hearing from communities impacted by carbon markets and experts in grievance mechanism design, the webinar will highlight the key…